Pirelli kalendorius

Pireli kalendorius (angl. Pirelli Calendar) – kasmetinis kompanijos Pirelli foto kalendorius.

IstorijaKeisti

Pirmą kartą pasirodęs 1964 m., kalendorius ilgainiui tapo prestižiniu leidiniu tiek fotografų, tiek modelių tarpe. Pradžioje jis buvo sukurtas kaip padangų rinkodaros elementas, tačiau netrukus šio aspekto buvo atsisakyta.

1975–83 m. dėl naftos krizės kalendorius nebuvo leidžiamas, o atnaujinus leidybą, jis tapo labiau erotizuotas (iki tol jame būdavo tik visiškai apsirengusių modelių nuotraukos).

Nuo 2016 m. koncepcija vėl pasikeitė: buvo visiškai atsisakyta apsinuoginusių modelių nuotraukų.

Kuriant kalendorių dirba patys žinomiausi pasaulio fotografai, modeliai, aktorės ar kitos įžymybės. Pats kalendorius išskirtinis tuo, kad jo ribotas tiražas (apie 20 tūkst. egzempliorių), leidinio negalima nusipirkti (nebent aukcione), o jo egzemplioriai būna „Pirelli“ korporacijos dovanos įžymybėms bei išrinktiesiems klientams. [1][2]

KitaKeisti

Pirmoji kalendoriaus fotografė moteris buvo Sarah Moore 1972 m.

2012 m. kalendoriui pozavo lietuvių modelis Edita Vilkevičiūtė.[3]

2017 m. kalendoriui fotografas Peter Lindberg panaudojo visiškai neretušuotas nuotraukas, kuriose modeliai (Helen Mirren, Nicole Kidman, Julianne Moore) nenaudojo makiažo.

2017 m. kalendoriaus leidyba kainavo apie 2 milijonus JAV dolerių.[4]

Fotografai ir modeliaiKeisti

Metai Fotografai Fotografavimo vieta Modeliai
1963 Terence Donovan Londonas neišleistas
1964 Robert Freeman Maljorka Jane Lumb, Sonny Draneref>
1965 Brian Duffy Pietų Prancūzija Annabella ir Virginia, Pauline Dukes, Jeannette Harding, Pauline Stone
1966 Peter Knapp Hoceima, Marokas Shirley Ann
1967 neišleistas
1968 Harry Peccinotti Tunisas Pat Booth, Jill la Tour, Elisa Ngai, Ulla Randall
1969 Harry Peccinotti Big Suras, Kalifornija
1970 Francis Giacobetti Rojaus sala Anak, Alexandra Bastedo, Paula Martine, Pipa
1971 Francis Giacobetti Jamaika Caileen Bell, Kate Howard, Angela McDonald, Christine Townson
1972 Sarah Moon Vila Les Tilleuls, Paryžius Mick Lindburg, Suzanne Moncur, Boni Pfeifer, Inger Hammer, Magritt Rahn, Barbara Trethman
1973 Brian Duffy Londonas Nicki Allen, Erica Creer, Elizabeth, Kate Howard, Nicki Howorth, Kari Ann, Kubi, Jane Lumb, Penny Steele, Pauline Stone, Sue Paul, Vida, Vicky Wilks
1974 Hans Feurer Seišeliai Chichinou, Kathy Cochaux, Kim, Marana, Eva Nielsen
1975
|
1983
neišleistas
1984 Uwe Ommer Bahamai Angie Layne, Suzie-Ann Watkins, Jane Wood, Julie Martin
1985 Norman Parkinson Edinburgas Anna Andersen, Cecilia, Iman, Lena, Sherry
1986 Bert Stern Kosvoldsas Jane Arwood, Julia Boleno, Joni Flyn, Gloria, Caroline Hallett, Luise King, Juliet, Deborah Leng, Clare MacNamara, Samantha, Beth Toussaint, Suzy Yeo
1987 Terence Donovan Batas Ione Brown, Naomi Campbell, Collette Brown, Gillian de Terville, Waris Dirie
1988 Barry Lategan Londonaas Briony Brind, Victoria Dyer, Nicola Keen, Kim Lonsdale, Sharon McGorian, Noomi Sorkin, Carol Straker, Hugo Bregman
1989 Joyce Tenneson Polaroid studija, Niujorkas Susan Allcorn, Kathryn Bishop, Gretchen Eichholz, Rebecca Glen, Rosemarie Griego, Brigitte Luzar, Nicky, Gilda Meyer-Nichof, Dannielle Scott, Akure Wall, Susan Waseen, Lisa Whiting
1990 Arthur Elgort Sevilija Laurie Bernhardt, Laure Bogeart, Christina Cadiz, Anna Klevag, Florence Poretti, Debrah Saron
1991 Clive Arrowsmith Prancūzija Alison Fitzpatrick, Lynne Koester, Monika Kassner, Paola Siero, Nancy Liu, Katherina Trug, Jackie Old Coyote, Tracy Hudson, Rachel Boss, Carole Jimenez, Saskia van der Waarde, Rina Lucarelli, Susie Hardie-Bick
1992 Clive Arrowsmith Almeríja Julienne Davis, Alison Fitzpatrick, Judi Taylor
1993 John Claridge Seišeliai Christina Estrada, Barbara Moors, Claudie
1994 Herb Ritts Rojaus sala Helena Christensen, Cindy Crawford, Karen Alexander, Kate Moss
1995 Richard Avedon Niujorkas Christy Turlington, Naomi Campbell, Farrah Summerford, Nadja Auermann
1996 Peter Lindbergh Kalifornija Carré Otis, Kristen McMenamy, Eva Herzigová, Navia Nguyen, Nastassja Kinski, Tatjana Patitz
1997 Richard Avedon Niujorkas Honor Fraser, Ling Tan, Monica Bellucci, Sophie Patitz, Cordula Reyer, Inés Sastre, Waris Dirie, Anna Klevhag, Gisele Zelauy, Irina Pantaeva, Kristina Semenovskaia, Tatiana Zavialova, Marie Sophie Wilson, Jenny Shimizu, Brandi Quiñones, Nikki Uberti, Julia Ortiz, Annie Morton
1998 Bruce Weber Majamis Tanga Moreau, Stella Tennant, Mila Jovovich,, Carolyn Murphy, Eva Herzigová, Patricia Arquette, Kirsty Hume, Shalom Harlow, Elaine Irwin Mellencamp, Kiara Kabukuru, Georgina Grenville, Rachel Roberts, Daryl Hannah
1999 Herb Ritts Los Andželas Chandra North, Sophie Dahl, Karen Elson, Michele Hicks, Carolyn Murphy, Shirley Mallmann, Laetitia Casta, Audrey Marnay, Elsa Benítez, Bridget Hall, Angela Lindvall, Alek Wek
2000 Annie Leibovitz Rinebekas, Niujorkas Laetitia Casta, Alek Wek, Jacqui Agyepong
2001 Mario Testino Neapolis Aurélie Claudel, Rhea Durham, Gisele Bündchen, Karen Elson, Mariana Weickert, Fernanda Tavares, Angela Lindvall, Ana Cláudia Michels, Liisa Winkler, Noémie Lenoir, Frankie Rayder, Carmen Kass
2002 Peter Lindbergh Holivudas Amy Smart, Brittany Murphy, Julia Stiles, Rachael Leigh Cook, Erika Christensen, Selma Blair, Lauren Bush, James King, Bridget Moynahan
2003 Bruce Weber Kampanija Sienna Rose Miller, Eva Riccobono, Heidi Klum, Mariacarla Boscono, Isabeli Fontana, Valentina Stilla, Filippa Hamilton, Alessandra Ambrosio, Jessica Miller, Rania Faslan, Karolína Kurková, Sophie Dahl, Bridget Hall, Lisa Seiffert, Yamila Díaz, Natalia Vodianova, Marcelo Boldrini
2004 Nick Knight Londonas Adina Fohlin, Natalia Vodianova, Dewi Driegen, Mariacarla Boscono, Jessica Miller, Esther de Jong, Ai Tominaga, Amanda Moore, Alek Wek, Frankie Rayder, Karolína Kurková, Liberty Ross, Pollyanna McIntosh
2005 Patrick Demarchelier Rio de Žaneiras Filippa Hamilton, Julia Stegner, Eugenia Volodina, Naomi Campbell, Isabeli Fontana, Michelle Buswell, Adriana Lima, Erin Wasson, Diana Dondoe, Liliane Ferrarezi, Marija Vujovic, Valentina Zelyaeva
2006 Mert Alas, Marcus Piggot Prancūzijos Rivjera Jennifer Lopez, Kate Moss, Gisele Bündchen, Natalia Vodianova, Karen Elson, Guinevere Van Seenus
2007 Inez, Vinoodh studija Penélope Cruz, Sophia Loren, Lou Doillon, Hilary Swank, Naomi Watts
2008 Patrick Demarchelier Šanchajus Agyness Deyn, Lily Donaldson, Doutzen Kroes, Catherine McNeil, Gemma Ward, Sasha Pivovarova, Coco Rocha, Caroline Trentini, Mo Wandan, Du Juan, Maggie Cheung
2009 Peter Beard Okavango Delta Mariacarla Boscono, Daria Werbowy, Malgosia Bela, Rianne ten Haken, Lara Stone, Emanuela de Paula, Isabeli Fontana
2010 Terry Richardson Trankosas, Brazilija Catherine McNeil, Enikő Mihalik, Ana Beatriz Barros, Miranda Kerr, Rosie Huntington-Whiteley, Abbey Lee Kershaw, Daisy Lowe, Gracie Carvalho, Lily Cole, Marloes Horst, Georgina Stojiljkovic
2011 Karl Lagerfeld Paryžius Isabeli Fontana, Heidi Mount, Bianca Balti, Lara Stone, Natasha Poly, Iris Strubegger, Elisa Sednaoui, Magdalena Frackowiak, Julianne Moore, Freja Beha Erichsen, Daria Werbowy, Erin WassonBaptiste Giabiconi, Brad Kroenig, Abbey Lee Kershaw, Lakshmi Menon, Garrett Neff, Jake Davies, Jeneil Williams, Anja Rubik, Sébastien Jondeau
2012 Mario Sorrenti Korsika Lara Stone, Kate Moss, Guinevere Van Seenus, Edita Vilkevičiūtė, Rinko Kikuchi, Milla Jovovich, Saskia de Brauw, Natasha Poly, Malgosia Bela, Margareth Madè
2013 Steve McCurry Rio de Žaneiras Isabeli Fontana, Petra Nemcová, Sônia Braga, Hanaa Ben Abdesslem, Liya Kebede, Adriana Lima, Summer Rayne Oakes, Kyleigh Kühn, Marisa Monte, Karlie Kloss, Elisa Sednaoui
2014 Peter Lindbergh
Patrick Demarchelier
studija Niujorkas (50-mečio leidinys) Miranda Kerr, Alessandra Ambrosio, Helena Christensen, Isabeli Fontana, Karolína Kurková
2014 Helmut Newton Monte Karlas, Kjantis Neith Hunter, Susie Bick, Betty Prado, Antonia Dell'Atte
2015 Steven Meisel Niujorkas Adriana Lima, Natalia Vodianova, Raquel Zimmermann, Isabeli Fontana, Sasha Luss, [[Anna Ewers, Carolyn Murphy, Cameron Russell, Gigi Hadid, Candice Huffine, Karen Elson, Joan Smalls
2016 Annie Leibovitz studija, Niujorkas Tavi Gevinson, Serena Williams, Amy Schumer, Yoko Ono, Fran Lebowitz, Patti Smith, Yao Chen, Natalia Vodianova, Kathleen Kennedy, Mellody Hobson, Ava DuVernay, Agnes Gund, Shirin Neshat
2017 Peter Lindbergh Berlynas, Los Andželas, Londonas Jessica Chastain, Penélope Cruz, Nicole Kidman, Rooney Mara, Helen Mirren, Julianne Moore, Lupita Nyong'o, Charlotte Rampling, Léa Seydoux, Uma Thurman, Alicia Vikander, Kate Winslet, Robin Wright, Zhang Ziyi, Anastasia Ignatova
2018 Tim Walker Londonas Whoopi Goldberg, RuPaul , Lupita Nyong'o, Djimon Hounsou, Puff Daddy, Naomi Campbell, Lil Yachty, Adwoa Aboah, Sasha Lane, Duckie Thot, Thando Hopa, Slick Woods, Zoe Bedeaux, , Jaha Dukureh, King Owusu, Wilson Oryema, Adut Akech
2019 Albert Watson Majamis, Niujorkas Laetitia Casta, Misty Copeland, Calvin Royal III, Julia Garner, Gigi Hadid, Alexander Wang
2020 Paolo Roversi Paryžius, Verona Claire Foy, Mia Goth, Rosalía, Stella Roversi, Yara Shahidi, Kristen Stewart, Emma Watson
2021 neišleistas

NuorodosKeisti

ŠaltiniaiKeisti

  1. „China's Yao Chen on the cover of 2016 Pirelli calendar“. China Daily. 3 December 2015. Nuoroda tikrinta 2018-07-28. 
  2. Vingan Klein, Alyssa. „You Will Soon Be Able to Purchase a Pirelli Calendar for the First Time Ever“. fashionista.com. Nuoroda tikrinta 2017-07-10. 
  3. www.thecut.com [1]
  4. Saad, Shirine (10 November 2017). „The once-scandalous Pirelli calendar takes a turn for the progressive“. CNN. Nuoroda tikrinta 2018-07-28.